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python-twitter

A simple Python wrapper for Twitter API v2 ✨ 🍰 ✨.

v2 Build Status Codecov PyPI

Introduction

Twitter has published new version Twitter API V2 for developer at Aug 13, 2020.

This library provides a service to easily use this new version Twitter API.

Documentation

You can get all API descriptions Twitter API v2 Documentation.

Docs for this library on here

Installing

You can install this library easily by pypi:

$ pip install python-twitter-v2

Code is hosted at https://github.com/sns-sdks/python-twitter.

Checkout latest development version with:

$ git clone https://github.com/sns-sdks/python-twitter.git
$ cd python-twitter

Install dependencies with:

$ make env

Run tests with:

$ make test

Run tests with coverage:

$ make cov-term
$ make cov-html

Using

The API is exposed via the pytwitter.Api class.

Now covers these features:

  • Tweets
    • Tweet lookup
    • Manage Tweets
    • Quote Tweets
    • Retweet Tweets
    • Timelines
    • Search Tweets
    • Tweet counts
    • Filtered stream
    • Volume streams
    • Retweets
    • Likes
    • Bookmarks
    • Hide replies
  • Users
    • User lookup
    • Follows
    • Blocks
    • Mutes
  • Usage
    • Tweets
  • Trends
  • Spaces
    • Spaces lookup
    • Search Spaces
  • Direct Messages
    • Direct Messages lookup
    • Manage Direct Messages
  • Lists
    • List lookup
    • Manage lists
    • List Tweets lookup
    • List members
    • List follows
    • Pinned Lists
  • Compliance
    • Batch compliance
  • Media Upload
    • Media Simple upload
    • Media Chunked upload

INSTANTIATE

You can initialize with an bearer token:

>>> from pytwitter import Api
>>> api = Api(bearer_token="Your bearer token")

With OAuth 1.0A user context token:

>>> api = Api(
        consumer_key="consumer key",
        consumer_secret="consumer secret",
        access_token="access token",
        access_secret="access secret"
    )

Or with authorization done by user:

>>> api = Api(consumer_key="consumer key",consumer_secret="consumer secret",oauth_flow=True)
# get url for user to authorize
>>> api.get_authorize_url()
# copy the response url
>>> api.generate_access_token("https://localhost/?oauth_token=oauth_token&oauth_verifier=oauth_verifier")
{'oauth_token': 'oauth_token',
 'oauth_token_secret': 'oauth_token_secret',
 'user_id': '123456',
 'screen_name': 'screen name'}

Twitter has announced OAuth 2.0 user authentication support with fine-grained scopes

Now if you have app with OAuth2.0 client ID. you can do authorize with OAuth2.

>>> api = Api(client_id="You client ID", oauth_flow=True)
# get the url and code verifier for user to authorize
>>> url, code_verifier, _ = api.get_oauth2_authorize_url()
# copy the response url
>>> api.generate_oauth2_access_token("https://localhost/?state=state&code=code", code_verifier)
{'token_type': 'bearer',
 'expires_in': 7200,
 'access_token': 'access_token',
 'scope': 'users.read tweet.read',
 'expires_at': 1631775928}

Users-lookup

You can get information about a user or group of users, specified by a user ID or a username.

Get group of users:

# By ids
>>> api.get_users(ids=["783214", "2244994945"])
Response(data=[User(id='2244994945', name='Twitter Dev', username='TwitterDev'), User(id='783214', name='Twitter', username='Twitter')])

# By username
>>> api.get_users(usernames="Twitter,TwitterDev")
Response(data=[User(id='2244994945', name='Twitter Dev', username='TwitterDev'), User(id='783214', name='Twitter', username='Twitter')])

Get single user:

# By id
>>> api.get_user(user_id="783214")
Response(data=User(id='783214', name='Twitter', username='Twitter'))

# By username
>>> api.get_user(username="Twitter")
Response(data=User(id='783214', name='Twitter', username='Twitter'))

Get user following:

>>> api.get_following(user_id="2244994945", max_results=5)
Response(data=[User(id='459860328', name='julie✨', username='JulieMendoza206'), User(id='273830767', name='🄿🅄🅂🄷', username='rahul_pushkarna')...])

Get user followers:

>>> api.get_followers(user_id="2244994945", max_results=5)
Response(data=[User(id='715131097332518912', name='Daniel', username='RGIDaniel'), User(id='1176323137757048832', name='Joyce Wang', username='joycew67')...])

You can follow or unfollow user if you have User context.

follow user:

>>> api.follow_user(user_id="123456", target_user_id="654321")
{'data': {'following': True, 'pending_follow': False}}

unfollow user:

>>> api.unfollow_user(user_id="123456", target_user_id="654321")
{'data': {'following': False}}

Tweets-lookup

You can get information about a tweet or group of tweets by tweet id(s).

Get single tweet:

>>> api.get_tweet("1354143047324299264", expansions=["attachments.media_keys"], media_fields=["type","duration_ms"])
Response(data=Tweet(id=1354143047324299264, text=Academics are one of the biggest groups using...))

Get group of tweets:

>>> api.get_tweets(["1261326399320715264","1278347468690915330"],expansions="author_id",tweet_fields=["created_at"], user_fields=["username","verified"])
Response(data=[Tweet(id=1261326399320715264, text=Tune in to the @MongoDB @Twitch stream...), Tweet(id=1278347468690915330, text=Good news and bad news: 2020 is half over)])

Streaming API

For Streaming, this provide StreamApi independent. Same as main Api, You need initialize it first.

>>> from pytwitter import StreamApi
>>> stream_api = StreamApi(bearer_token="bearer token")
# or use consumer key and secret
>>> stream_api = StreamApi(consumer_key="consumer key", consumer_secret="consumer secret")

For Sample Stream tweets, you can use the sample_stream function to build a connection.

>>> stream_api.sample_stream()

For Filtered Stream, you can create rules.

Get your current rules.

>>> stream_api.get_rules()
Response(data=[StreamRule(id='1369580714056843266', value='twitter api ')])

Delete your rules.

>>> stream_api.manage_rules(rules={"delete": {"ids": ["1369580714056843266"]}})
Response(data=[])

Add new rules. If you set dry_run to True, will only validate rules, and not create them.

>>> np = {
        "add": [
            {"value": "cat has:media", "tag": "cats with media"},
            {"value": "cat has:media -grumpy", "tag": "happy cats with media"}
        ]
     }
>>> stream_api.manage_rules(rules=np, dry_run=True)
Response(data=[StreamRule(id='1370406958721732610', value='cat has:media -grumpy'), StreamRule(id='1370406958721732609', value='cat has:media')])

Then you can use search_stream to get tweets matching your rules.

>>> stream_api.search_stream()

You can go to the Example folder for streaming examples.

TODO

  • More Api waiting twitter